Contraception and pregnancy


There are many methods of contraception available in the UK. The type that works best for you will depend on your health and circumstances.


Remember, the only way to protect yourself against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is to use a condom every time you have sex. Other methods of contraception prevent pregnancy, but they don’t protect against STIs.


To discuss this further, speak to your school nurse or click here for further information.


Long-acting/reversible contraception


Implant – Small flexible rod inserted under the skin, it slowly releases the hormone progestogen.


Intrauterine device (IUD) – A small copper and plastic devise inserted into the womb to prevent the egg being fertilised.


Intrauterine System (IUS) – A small T-shaped plastic devise inserted into the womb and releases the hormone progestogen and prevents implantation.


Hormonal contraception

  • Contraceptive pill
  • Contraceptive patch
  • Contraceptive implant
  • Contraceptive Injection


Barrier methods

  • Male condom
  • Female condom


Emergency contraception

Emergency contraception can prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex or if your contraceptive method has failed – for example, a condom has split or you’ve missed a pill.


There are two types:

  • the emergency contraceptive pill (sometimes called the ‘morning after’ pill)
  • the IUD (intrauterine device, or coil)


You need to take emergency contraception as soon as possible, as the sooner you get help, the more effective at preventing pregnancy it will be.


You can get help from your local sexual health, clinic, GP or pharmacy. Click here for more information. 



If you are pregnant or think you could be pregnant, there are a wide range of services to support you and help you discuss your options. Ask your school nurse or GP for further advice and support.


Sexual Health Services


Bexley Sexual Health


Family Nurse Partnership

Our Family Nurse Partnership nurses support young mums aged 19 years and under who are expecting their first baby. Your school nurse can give you details about local services so don’t be afraid to request an appointment. This is in addition to the support provided by a midwife.


We help the new mum to:

  • be as healthy as possible whilst she is pregnant
  • make sure the child is healthy and develops well
  • continue her education/find work/plan for a financially stable future


During our visits we will help the new mum and her family understand the baby, work towards behaviour change where appropriate, emotional development and help to build positive relationships. Click here for more information.


Useful contacts


Worth Talking About

If you think you may be pregnant, you can get confidential advice from the Worth Talking About helpline on 0300 123 2930.



If you are under 25, you can visit a Brook Centre for free confidential advice. Find your nearest Brook Centre here: